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Notas Rayadas

Captura de Pantalla 2022-10-05 a la(s) 18.23.06.png

Los derechos del lector según Pennac

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Se graduó en letras y se desencantó con la enseñanza. Su obra literaria es muy nutrida, irónica y crítica.

He wrote essays and books for children. It became popular for the black novels of the saga around the Malaussène family, who live in the multicultural and marginal neighborhood of Belleville, in Paris (France). Pennac based the stories on Benjamín Malaussène, a man whose work is based on standing up for a breakdown or irregularity in any product that has been sold in Department Stores.

Hace un par de décadas escribió "Mal de escuela" y "Como una novela" (Anagrama) donde reflexionó sobre los derechos del lector a manera de mandamientos.

Pennac sostiene que "ser lector no es una obligación, pero si se decide serlo nadie debería decir qué hacer con un libro" porque sostiene que "la lectura es un acto independiente que cada uno siente a su manera: a tal punto que se puede leer en silencio".

Aquí van extractos de su texto y su manifiesto, que Vaca Rayada comparte de la A a la Z. ¡Muuu!


1. Right not to read: “Ultimately, the duty to educate consists, by teaching children to read, to introduce them to literature, to give them the means to freely judge whether or not they feel the need for books. Because while it is perfectly acceptable for an individual to reject reading, it is intolerable for him to be or believe himself to be rejected by it.

2. Right to skip pages: "Even when we are older and although we are disgusted to confess it, we also continue to skip pages, for reasons that only concern us and the book we read."

3. The right not to finish a book: “There are thirty-six thousand reasons to abandon a novel before the end: the feeling that it has already been read, a story that does not engage us, our total disapproval of the author’s thesis, a style that makes your hair stand on end, or on the contrary an absence of writing that is not compensated by any reason to go ahead. or a loving earthquake that petrifies our heads”.

4. Right to reread: “...above all we reread for free, for the pleasure of repetition, the joy of reunions, the verification of intimacy”.

5. The right to read anything: “So there are good and bad novels. More often than not we start bumping our way into the latter."

6. Right to bovarismo* (text-transmitted disease): “That is, roughly speaking, bovarismo, the immediate and exclusive satisfaction of our sensations: the imagination springs up, the nerves are agitated, the heart accelerates, the adrenaline rises, the they produce identifications everywhere, and the brain confuses (momentarily) the everyday with the romantic”. 

*Term taken from the main character in the novel Madame Bovary by Gustave Flaubert.


7.  Right to read anywhere: “Each morning during the two winter months, sitting comfortably in the bathroom, locked with seven keys, soldier So-and-so flies above military contingencies.”


8.  Right to browse: “I browse, we browse, let them browse. It is the authorization that we grant ourselves to grab any volume in our library, open it anywhere and plunge into it for a moment because we only have precisely that moment”.


9. Right to read aloud: “If you really read, if you put your knowledge into it by controlling your pleasure, if your reading is an act of sympathy for both the audience and the text and its author, if you manage to understand the need to writing by awakening our darkest needs to understand, then the books open wide, and the multitude of those who thought they were excluded from reading rush after him.


10 . The right to remain silent: “Man builds houses because he is alive, but he writes books because he knows he is mortal. He lives in a group because he is gregarious, but he reads because he knows himself. This reading is for him a company that does not take the place of any other but that no company could replace.






#I like reading

#children's literature




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Daniel Pennac (pseudonym of Daniel Pennacchioni) is a French writer and teacher, born in Morocco more than 70 years ago, in a military family. He spent his childhood in Africa and Southeast Asia and his youth in Nice. 
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